• This page is regularly updated with the latest available maps

• Read the latest news and more at War in Ukraine

WHAT WE KNOW, WEDNESDAY MAY 25

Just 25km of terrain remains before Russia completely encircles a fiercely contested pocket of Ukrainian resistance in the eastern Donbas region, where Moscow has stepped up its offensive over the past month.

For days, punishing artillery strikes have crumbled Ukrainian defences around the city of Sievierodonetsk, the area where “the greatest activity of hostilities is taking place”, according to the Ukrainian army.

Russian and Ukrainian military claims cannot be independently verified.

Other key maps and charts from the war

The shift in the conflict’s focus towards the Donbas region comes after Russia’s failure to capture Kyiv during the first phase of the war. The Russians were thwarted by a combination of factors, including geography, the attackers’ blundering and modern arms — as well as Ukraine’s ingenuity with smartphones and pieces of foam mat.

Map showing Ukrainian counter-offensive area around Kyiv

The number of Ukrainians fleeing the conflict makes it one of the largest refugee crises in modern history.

Nearly 12mn people have fled the Ukraine conflict

Despite starting only a few months ago, the war has resulted in nearly twice as many people leaving Ukraine compared with those that fled the Iraq war, which spanned nine years.

In mid-March, an attack on a Ukrainian military base, which had been used by US troops to train Ukrainian soldiers, added to Russia’s increasingly direct threats that Nato’s continued support of Ukraine risked making it an enemy combatant in the war. On March 24, Nato agreed to establish four new multinational battle groups in Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia to add to troops in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.

Map of Europe showing Nato member countries with locations of different military presences (multinational troops, air and sea forces, and other military)

Sources: Institute for the Study of War, Rochan Consulting, FT research

Cartography and development by Steve Bernard, Chris Campbell, Caitlin Gilbert, Emma Lewis, Joanna S Kao, Sam Learner, Ændra Rininsland, Niko Kommenda, Alan Smith, Martin Stabe, Neggeen Sadid. Based on reporting by Roman Olearchyk and John Reed in Kyiv, Guy Chazan in Lviv, Henry Foy in Brussels and Neggeen Sadid in London

Get alerts on War in Ukraine when a new story is published

Copyright The Financial Times Limited 2022. All rights reserved.
Reuse this content (opens in new window) CommentsJump to comments section

Comments have not been enabled for this article.

Follow the topics in this article