François Hollande, in the shadow of De Gaulle, talking to Angela Merkel - illustration by Ingram Pinn

In May 2012 François Hollande became France's first Socialist president since François Mitterrand.

He was elected after a campaign in which he argued that growth generation - as opposed to the German-led emphasis on austerity – would end the eurozone crisis.

Hollande appeals for climate change deal

French president warns world leaders ‘the future of life is at stake’

France signals softer stance on Assad

Foreign minister sees Syrian regime joining forces against Isis

Hollande praises youth at attacks memorial

Amid heavy security president reiterates need to destroy Isis

Sarkozy swipes at multiculturalism

Ex-president veers to right with plan to bring back ‘eternal France’

Isis: Boots on the ground?

Air strikes are unlikely to dislodge Isis in Iraq and Syria, so policymakers are looking at other options

Merkel defends open-door refugee policy

Chancellor stands firm after France joins call for curbs

Turkey-Russia tensions muddy Isis fight

Downing of Russian jet highlights overlapping military operations

West sees hope of Syria deal with Moscow

Optimism nurtured by growing signs of Russia’s co-operation as its military intervention falters

Hollande steps up campaign against Isis

French president to urge US to intensify Syria military campaign

Joe Cummings illustration

François Hollande: the unlikely commander

A leader seen as indecisive now leads the fight against Isis, writes Anne-Sylvaine Chassany

From thief to jihadi linkman in two years

Intelligence fails to keep pace with militants’ swift transformations

Hollande: France is at ‘war’ with Isis

President seeks extra powers as manhunt intensifies

France launches strikes on Isis in Syria

Raqqa hit hours after vow to intensify fight against terror group

Germany and Britain are now at risk

US cannot lead fight against terrorist plan to divide Europe, says former MI6 chief John Sawers

Paris attacks: trail of terror

How events unfolded in the French capital

Attacks fuel EU migration debate

World leaders unite in their condemnation of assaults

Atrocity signals shift in Isis strategy

Jihadi group steps up level of terror with co-ordinated attacks

Global consequences of the Paris attacks

Terrorists strike at a sensitive time in the history of France and Europe

Eurozone economies see lacklustre growth

German GDP expansion slows to 0.3% but France takes off again

EU alert on Spain and France budget target

Madrid expected to miss fiscal limit by more than expected

Daimler plant up against French labour taboo

Workers support longer hours but unions stand in the way

France urges UK precision on EU reforms

Exasperation at lack of detail on renegotiation

Perplexing failure of EU’s centre-left

Ultimate crisis of global capitalism was delivered on a plate and they did not know what to do

Hollande seeks growth with tax breaks

French president ramps up public spending cuts

Hollande backs reform of labour laws

French president gives go-ahead for bill to simplify rules

Sarkozy and private lives of presidents

Before his presidency, the head of state was not tabloid fodder, writes Anne-Sylvaine Chassany

Merkel and Hollande press EU on refugees

French and German leaders condemn Heidenau anti-migrant clashes

France and Russia settle Mistral dispute

Paris to return money for ships cancelled amid Ukraine tension

Sir Simon Fraser, departing permanent secretary at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office

Mandarin worries on diplomacy cuts crunch

Departing permanent undersecretary sees potential problems ahead

Paris eyes push for ‘eurozone government’

French leader seeks to unite pro-Europeans two years out from presidential election

The discreet redemption of Strauss-Kahn

Polls suggest DSK’s personal affairs are no barrier to his ambitions, writes Anne-Sylvaine Chassany

Hollande vows more eurozone integration

France to propose ‘economic government’ and common budget

French comeback exposes eurozone rift

Unresolved tensions remain between France and Germany, writes Daniela Schwarzer

Hollande seeks role as Greece’s saviour

French president has emerged as a tireless advocate for Athens

‘France in the Hollande Presidency’

Mr Normal and the decline of the Fifth Republic

Emission vows boost climate deal hopes

US, Brazil, China and South Korea promise to curb carbon output

Hollande wades into Paris Uber dispute

French president condemns clashes but labels car service ‘illegal’

France slams US over spying claims

Elysée summons ambassador amid ‘unacceptable facts’

US ‘tapped’ French leaders’ phones

White House silent on NSA spying claims

Valls in storm over football final trip

French PM defends visit to football match at taxpayers’ expense