François Hollande, in the shadow of De Gaulle, talking to Angela Merkel - illustration by Ingram Pinn

In May 2012 François Hollande became France's first Socialist president since François Mitterrand.

He was elected after a campaign in which he argued that growth generation - as opposed to the German-led emphasis on austerity – would end the eurozone crisis.

Hollande needs to press his reset button

France’s president has become a specialist of communications setbacks, writes Adam Thomson

Eurozone economy returns to growth

France and Germany expanded in third quarter while Italy shrank

Hollande admits to making ‘mistakes’

French president promises to return things to ‘normal’ by 2017

French parties pin hopes on name change

Rebranding alone is unlikely to reverse voter disenchantment, writes Adam Thomson

Cameron should stand up to Brussels

This is not a dispute the prime minister has concocted. It would trouble anyone doing his job

Epitaph for France does a lively trade

Writing the country off has become a popular national pursuit, says Hugh Carnegy

France clings on to its magical thinking

The economic taboos remain – the best-off are being protected, writes Sylvie Goulard

Centre-right to control French Senate

Far right also wins first upper house seats in setback for Hollande

Crowds rejoice at Sarkozy’s return

Wider electorate remains unconvinced by unpopular former president

US expects allies to join Isis air strikes

UN ambassador says powers have agreed to joint action

Hollande rules out further spending cuts

French president warns on growth prospects

French government faces confidence vote

Administration needs all its 289 lawmakers in lower house to vote in favour

Hollande confronts rising sense of crisis

French president struggles to reverse popularity slump

Poll shows Le Pen would beat Hollande

Finding follows blow from kiss and tell book

France links warship delivery to peace deal

Paris says no decision has been taken to annul contract

Trierweiler heaps pressure on Hollande

Former French first lady publishes tell-all biography

France halts delivery of warship to Russia

Move comes as Putin lays out plan for Ukraine ceasefire

Renzi and Hollande in a bid for reform

Italy and France need to change to prosper economically

French PM Valls appeals for party unity

Valls defends €40bn tax cuts for business

France: Rock bottom

Hollande’s travails highlight the difficulty of trying to put an end to a chronic economic crisis

Hollande pushes for EU budget flexibility

French president calls for summit to agree new measures

Hollande bets on Macron economic boost

Minister tasked with restoring industrial prowess

Hollande replaces firebrand minister

French president brings in reformist Macron

Hollande takes a political gamble

Sacking a leftwing minister was bold but carries risks

Hollande purges leftwing rebels

Reshuffle follows internal criticism of ‘absurd’ austerity policies

Montebourg: Clever, loud and ambitious

Industry minister has provoked a government crisis

Insurrection forces Hollande to act

French president acts with uncharacteristic speed

Hollande faces economic blues on his ‘rentrée’

French president caught between bleak polls and slowing output

The fuse under the Fifth Republic

A powerful presidency no longer serves France’s needs

France warns on budget deficit target

Finance minister slashes growth forecast to 0.5%

France braced for almost zero growth

No respite for Hollande as economy continues to stagnate

Germany set to back EU Russian sanctions

Burden must be spread across bloc, says Steinmeier

The baby steps of reform in France

Economic renewal must get in its stride before 2017

Warship row dominates EU sanctions talks

Hollande shows signs of backing down on warship supply

Hollande vows tax cuts to push reforms

French president says weak economy demands swift action

Leftwing leaders back Juncker for Brussels post

UK’s Cameron looking isolated before EU summit

Alstom: l’exception française

France’s attempts to lure foreign investors suffer a setback

War of words on BNP Paribas reaches roar

Hollande and Dijsselbloem attack ‘excessive’ US crackdown

BNP eyes shake-up as hefty US fine looms

Obama says he has no right to intervene over sanctions fines

Brussels questions French budget

Review finds ‘insufficient’ detail in Hollande reforms