François Hollande, in the shadow of De Gaulle, talking to Angela Merkel - illustration by Ingram Pinn

In May 2012 François Hollande became France's first Socialist president since François Mitterrand.


He was elected after a campaign in which he argued that growth generation - as opposed to the German-led emphasis on austerity – would end the eurozone crisis.

Hollande pushes for EU budget flexibility

French president calls for eurozone summit to agree new measures

Hollande bets on Macron economic boost

Minister tasked with restoring industrial prowess

Hollande replaces firebrand minister

French president brings in reformist Macron

Hollande takes a political gamble

Sacking a leftwing minister was bold but carries risks

Hollande purges leftwing rebels

Reshuffle follows internal criticism of ‘absurd’ austerity policies

Montebourg: Clever, loud and ambitious

Industry minister has provoked a government crisis

Insurrection forces Hollande to act

French president acts with uncharacteristic speed

Hollande faces economic blues on his ‘rentrée’

French president caught between bleak polls and slowing output

The fuse under the Fifth Republic

A powerful presidency no longer serves France’s needs

France warns on budget deficit target

Finance minister slashes growth forecast to 0.5%

France braced for almost zero growth

No respite for Hollande as economy continues to stagnate

Germany set to back EU Russian sanctions

Burden must be spread across bloc, says Steinmeier

The baby steps of reform in France

Economic renewal must get in its stride before 2017

Warship row dominates EU sanctions talks

Hollande shows signs of backing down on warship supply

Hollande vows tax cuts to push reforms

French president says weak economy demands swift action

Leftwing leaders back Juncker for Brussels post

UK’s Cameron looking isolated before EU summit

Alstom: l’exception française

France’s attempts to lure foreign investors suffer a setback

War of words on BNP Paribas reaches roar

Hollande and Dijsselbloem attack ‘excessive’ US crackdown

BNP eyes shake-up as hefty US fine looms

Obama says he has no right to intervene over sanctions fines

Brussels questions French budget

Review finds ‘insufficient’ detail in Hollande reforms

Outcry at threat to BNP of $10bn US fine

Pressure on Hollande to intervene on bank’s behalf

Diplomacy takes centre stage on Ukraine

Leaders to use France meetings to boost legitimacy of Poroshenko

UK offers military help in Boko Haram battle

West African leaders meet in Paris to define strategy

Russia urges Kiev to delay national vote

Death toll rises in move against rebels in east

Hollande pins future on economic recovery

French leader admits he has to work faster to revive his nation

Hollande faces uphill battle to recover popularity

French president’s ratings at record low after two years

French voters urged to ‘fight extremes’

New prime minister promises to lead campaign against far right

France urges action to lower euro’s value

Valls wants loose monetary policy alongside growth initiatives

Siemens and GE in rival push to woo Paris

Charm offensive at Elysée over Alstom

Hollande forced to choose between duty and love

President’s duty is to let Alstom shareholders decide, with the whole company’s interests in mind, says Howard Davies

GE bid for Alstom puts Hollande on spot

Dilemma over future of French national champion

France to slow deficit reduction plan

Softer target of 3% of GDP is in line with EU’s upper limit

Senior adviser to Hollande quits

Morelle quits over alleged conflict of interest – and shoe collection

France set to freeze welfare payments

Part of plan to cut public spending by €50bn

France backtracks over EU deficit target

Paris sticks to commitment to cut figure to 3% in 2015

Hollande approval rating hits fresh low

French president suffers despite party relaunch

Hollande appoints ally to lift presidency

Jean-Pierre Jouyet named secretary-general at the Elysée Palace

Hollande launches reshuffle after poll blow

Moment of acute difficulty for two-year-old administration

No blank cheque for French right

The president’s opponents should not draw too much electoral comfort, writes François Heisbourg

France’s UMP party savours Hollande rout

Centre-right riven by leadership rivalries despite victory