François Hollande, in the shadow of De Gaulle, talking to Angela Merkel - illustration by Ingram Pinn

In May 2012 François Hollande became France's first Socialist president since François Mitterrand.

He was elected after a campaign in which he argued that growth generation - as opposed to the German-led emphasis on austerity – would end the eurozone crisis.

World leaders pay respects to Abdullah

Obama cuts short his visit to India to meet King Salman

France: Show of leadership

Hollande wins praise for his determination after the Paris attacks but faces tough tasks

Netanyahu denies Paris cynicism

Israeli PM plays down accusations that French trip was political

Hebdo killer suspect surrenders to police

Photos released of other two suspects after 12 shot dead

Hollande prioritises growth above 1%

French president reiterates vow to avoid further tax increases

Piketty rejects Légion d’Honneur award

Author says it is not for governments to ‘decide who is honourable’

France calls for calm after attacks

No evidence linking three violent incidents, says PM

Britain looks for EU treaty shortcuts

Cameron warned of political impossibility of referendum strategy

Cameron aims for ‘sweet spot’ in EU deal timing

PM sees his chance in gap between French and German polls

Struggle for reform in France and Italy

Hollande and Renzi must continue to push on with liberalisation

Hollande meets Putin in Moscow

French president makes unexpected stopover to discuss Ukraine crisis

Hollande needs to press his reset button

France’s president has become a specialist of communications setbacks, writes Adam Thomson

Eurozone economy returns to growth

France and Germany expanded in third quarter while Italy shrank

Hollande admits to making ‘mistakes’

French president promises to return things to ‘normal’ by 2017

French parties pin hopes on name change

Rebranding alone is unlikely to reverse voter disenchantment, writes Adam Thomson

Cameron should stand up to Brussels

This is not a dispute the prime minister has concocted. It would trouble anyone doing his job

Epitaph for France does a lively trade

Writing the country off has become a popular national pursuit, says Hugh Carnegy

France clings on to its magical thinking

The economic taboos remain – the best-off are being protected, writes Sylvie Goulard

Centre-right to control French Senate

Far right also wins first upper house seats in setback for Hollande

Crowds rejoice at Sarkozy’s return

Wider electorate remains unconvinced by unpopular former president

US expects allies to join Isis air strikes

UN ambassador says powers have agreed to joint action

Hollande rules out further spending cuts

French president warns on growth prospects

French government faces confidence vote

Administration needs all its 289 lawmakers in lower house to vote in favour

Hollande confronts rising sense of crisis

French president struggles to reverse popularity slump

Poll shows Le Pen would beat Hollande

Finding follows blow from kiss and tell book

France links warship delivery to peace deal

Paris says no decision has been taken to annul contract

Trierweiler heaps pressure on Hollande

Former French first lady publishes tell-all biography

France halts delivery of warship to Russia

Move comes as Putin lays out plan for Ukraine ceasefire

Renzi and Hollande in a bid for reform

Italy and France need to change to prosper economically

French PM Valls appeals for party unity

Valls defends €40bn tax cuts for business

France: Rock bottom

Hollande’s travails highlight the difficulty of trying to put an end to a chronic economic crisis

Hollande pushes for EU budget flexibility

French president calls for summit to agree new measures

Hollande bets on Macron economic boost

Minister tasked with restoring industrial prowess

Hollande replaces firebrand minister

French president brings in reformist Macron

Hollande takes a political gamble

Sacking a leftwing minister was bold but carries risks

Hollande purges leftwing rebels

Reshuffle follows internal criticism of ‘absurd’ austerity policies

Montebourg: Clever, loud and ambitious

Industry minister has provoked a government crisis

Insurrection forces Hollande to act

French president acts with uncharacteristic speed

Hollande faces economic blues on his ‘rentrée’

French president caught between bleak polls and slowing output

The fuse under the Fifth Republic

A powerful presidency no longer serves France’s needs