François Hollande, in the shadow of De Gaulle, talking to Angela Merkel - illustration by Ingram Pinn

In May 2012 François Hollande became France's first Socialist president since François Mitterrand.

He was elected after a campaign in which he argued that growth generation - as opposed to the German-led emphasis on austerity – would end the eurozone crisis.

August 22, 2016 - Ventotene, Italy: German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi and French President Francois Hollande meet to discuss the post-Brexit EU. Europe's economic outlook, jihadist attacks, the refugee and migrant drama, the Syrian conflict, and relations with Russia and Turkey were all on the agenda for the talks later on, on the island of Ventotene, one of the cradles of the European dream. Credit: Guido Bergmann / BPA Polaris /

Eurozone looks beyond Brexit vote

Growth is solid but longer-term performance needs improvement

French left clears the way for the right

A surfeit of presidential candidates could spark a repeat of an earlier election, writes Tony Barber

Montebourg declares French presidency bid

Former minister says Hollande has betrayed ‘ideals of the left’

May told France about Hinkley Point delay

British PM informed François Hollande twice but message was not passed to EDF

Why France is a prime target for jihadis

The potential for fostering political and ethno-religious conflict is great, writes Jonathan Fenby

Germany has stayed calm over attacks

The debate on the right domestic response is far removed from that in France, says Daniela Schwarzer

Hollande relaxes stance on swift Brexit

French president concedes May needs time to prepare for talks

Juppé’s swipe reflects division in France

Presidential hopeful’s response to Nice attacks prefigures a venomous campaign, writes Tony Barber

May to visit Germany for talks with Merkel

Meeting with Hollande also planned in move to calm tensions

New details emerge of Nice truck killer

French prime minister says driver was ‘radicalised very quickly’

France reels from third terror atrocity

● 84 dead after truck ploughs into crowd ● Attacker named as Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel

Hollande blasts Barroso’s Goldman move

French president highlights bank’s derivatives trades for Greece

Macron signals a French presidential run

The economy minister faces an uphill struggle to create his political movement, writes Tony Barber

Macron hints at French presidential bid

Economy minister tells rally he’ll bring hope ‘all the way to victory’

Paris charm drive leaves bankers confused

After much enmity, there is distrust over France’s affections

Battle of the Somme commemorations

Cameron and Hollande attend anniversary of battle

Renzi needs a banking plan that will work

Italy’s prime minister is running out of time to recapitalise the sector

Hollande vetoes City’s euro clearing role

French president moves to strip London of crucial trading stage

Merkel to UK: Take your time — but don’t call us

German, French and Italian leaders reject informal talks

Merkel at centre of new EU crisis

German chancellor fights to keep what is left of union united

Hollande meets Le Pen to discuss Brexit vote

President gathers France’s most prominent political party leaders for talks

Time to seize this golden chance

Britain’s exit presents an opportunity, with no objections from London, writes Daniela Schwarzer

Hollande does the right thing too late

The president’s latest U-turn shows how perilous his position is, writes Tony Barber

Hollande reverses ban on reform protest

Retreat highlights president’s anxiety over rift with core supporters

©Alexandra Boulton

The untold story about NHS and Brexit

Notebook: There is too much to fix to leave Europe to the care of politicians, writes Leyla Boulton

Hollande is to blame for France’s strikes

Many left-leaning citizens really do feel a sense of betrayal, writes Tony Barber

Louvre art evacuated to escape rising Seine

Seven dead in Germany after Europe-wide floods

Hollande has to stand firm

Political infighting should not obscure the case for labour reforms

Old habits die hard for French workers

The conflict shows up the worst aspects of French culture, writes Sudhir Hazareesingh

Verdun centenary evokes spirit of unity

Merkel and Hollande say postwar peace born of Europe co-operation

French union leader takes aim at Hollande

CGT head Martinez thinks president will take blame for strikes

Hollande faces his biggest challenge

France’s current spate of strikes and blockades threatens the economy, writes Hugh Carnegy

Macron pressed to declare candidacy

Economy minister hesitates over willingness to challenge Hollande

Investors need tools to tackle excess pay

François Hollande’s assault on executive remuneration follows a wider trend, writes Delphine Strauss

Hollande backs investors on pay decisions

Companies could be forced to heed shareholder votes

French jobs bill clears final hurdle

Valls survives no-confidence vote over pro-business reform

France to force through jobs bill

Unable to quell rebellion, Hollande decides to override parliament

Montebourg rejoins French political fray

Left-wing former economy minister hints at run for presidency

Hollande woos disaffected to survive

Economic recovery offers France’s unpopular president a glimmer of hope

Eurozone GDP returns to pre-crisis levels

Strong French performance helps single currency area beat growth expectations