Alex Salmond illustration by Joe Cummings

Alex Salmond became Scotland's first minister in May 2007 - the fourth incumbent to hold that office.

He is the leader of the Scottish National party and MSP for Aberdeenshire.

Scotland set for its first female leader

Nicola Sturgeon backed by ruling party heavyweights to lead SNP

Scotland and Europe need grand coalitions

The right response is for the centrists to join forces, hard though it is to bury their ancestral rivalries, writes Niall Ferguson

How complacency almost lost a united kingdom

Westminster unconcerned until early September poll sparked panic

Salmond exits, hails moment of opportunity

Resignation of SNP leader leaves way clear for deputy Sturgeon

Salmond quits as vote shifts status quo

Referendum will change how UK is ruled

Wales cautious Cameron’s pledge

Promise of a new settlement will divide political parties

Illustration for Financial Times - issue dated 20.09.14
©Jonathan McHugh

Now is the time to refurbish the British state

The danger is that politicians in Westminster return to business as usual ahead of next year’s election

No vote demands a new settlement for UK

Relief at result must not hide the need for constitutional reform

Salmond to resign as first minister

Scotland votes decisively to remain part of the union

Pull of union proves too strong

More than three centuries of shared history win day for United Kingdom

Cameron promises more devolution for UK

Prime minister moves to reassure his restive parliamentary party

Salmond upbeat even in defeat

SNP leader insists dream of independence is still alive

Flood of results drains Salmond’s hopes

From Dumfries to Shetland, No votes pile up

Sturgeon shines as loyal lieutenant

Less charismatic but less divisive deputy tipped to succeed Salmond

Salmond remains divisive figure for Scots

First minister has been a tireless campaigner but critics see him as overbearing

Piper, Ryan Randall, leads a march to the polling station in Craigmillar, Edinburgh.
©Charlie Bibby/FT

Scots vote to decide their country’s future

Largest electorate on record expected as opinion polls suggest close result

Scots trauma creates EU poll headache

Lessons of No campaign ominous for pro-Europeans

Scottish referendum rhetoric highlights

What local and world leaders have said leading up to the poll

Salmond hails ‘greatest campaign’ on eve of poll

SNP leader urges Scots to seize ‘opportunity of a lifetime’

Salmond urges Scots to defy ruling class

First minister waves aside worries a victory could roil markets

Campaign leaves Scotland deeply divided

Both sides allege intimidation and threats as countdown to poll becomes increasingly fraught

Ingram Pinn illustration

Scotland needs bravery to build strong banks

The mechanisms the country will need as an independent entity take courage and a lot of time

Brown returns to fire up No campaign

Former PM emerges as potential saviour

Whitehall prepares should Yes camp win

Briefing papers outline key talks that would be needed

Brown makes final push in No campaign

Cameron says he has no regrets over efforts to preserve union

Salmond urges Scots to seize the day

No campaign remains quiet but confident

Polls put No camp’s lead at four points

Markets hopeful of continued Scottish union

Scotland rejoining EU ‘will take years’

Application to join bloc faces political hurdles

Salmond disregards foreign policy facts

Scottish nationalists’ assertion that everyone else would bend to Edinburgh’s will is wrong

Scots told sterling move risks ‘austerity’

Tighter economic conditions risk popular discontent, says Niesr

PM begs Scots to avoid ‘painful divorce’

Cameron makes plea at last appearance north of the border before vote

Salmond calls big business ‘foolish’

Downing Street accused of orchestrating scaremongering

Fears and hopes stirred in Nordic states

Norway’s path to independence not a neat parallel

Queen urges Scots to ‘think carefully’

David Beckham lends voice to No campaign

Fight heats up for Scotland’s undecideds

More than a tenth have yet to make up their minds

Salmond seeks to reassure Scottish voters

Both camps are trying to secure votes of 500,000 undecided people

Salmond says ‘bullying’ will backfire

Flurry of polls suggest vote is too close to call

Scottish nationalist warns of day of reckoning

Veteran takes aim at anti-Yes business with polls on knife-edge

The Yes shock awaiting the Scots

However amicably a divorce begins, that is rarely how it ends. Talks will be bitter and prolonged

Chaotic fightback stalls Yes bandwagon

Salmond’s advance may have slowed but many still undecided