Syria explainer: the allies and enemies

The FT maps out the regional and global actors in the conflict

FT Investigation

The $2.5bn Bahrain Bay development built on reclaimed land, is one of the projects fuelling controversy
Bahrain land deals highlight alchemy of making money from sand
– Cynthia O’Murchu and Simeon Kerr
spice market, Alexandria
©Travel Pictures/Alamy

Fiction: Middle East under scrutiny

Upheaval in the Arab world has prompted a search for answers in a wealth of literature

James Ferguson illustration
©James Ferguson

Outside powers at risk from Syria’s fire

Proxy wars can be very dangerous for the nations that are fuelling the conflict

Russia must work with America in Syria

We should persuade Moscow to act with us in resolving such a problem, writes Zbigniew Brzezinski

Assad praises Russia’s new role in Syria

President dismisses efforts of US-led anti-Isis coalition

Moscow scuppers Syria no-fly zone plan

Ramping up of coalition efforts may have precipitated Russian intervention

EU asks Erdogan to agree to migrant plan

Sweeteners may be offered in return for agreement

Putin turns to Syria in high-stakes game

As Crimea euphoria fades, Russia’s leader needs a new narrative

German move to seize offices for migrants

Hamburg city council vote allows commandeering of empty blocks

Obama attacks Putin over Syrian strikes

Defiant US president claims Russian intervention will boost Isis

Putin risks Syria quagmire over US duel

Russian president goes out of his way to undermine US counterpart

Netanyahu raises spectre of war with Iran

Israeli PM tells UN that atomic agreement makes conflict more likely

Jerusalem: City of ruins

Old City buildings are suffering, victims of the wider conflict

Russia carries out more strikes in Syria

Concern that targets are anti-government rebels rather than Isis jihadis

Obfuscation at centre of Russia action

Apparent intention is to keep US and partners on the back foot

Ukraine fight ebbs as Syria claims focus

Rebel leader says Russia air strikes may mean end to E Ukraine war

UK-Saudi ‘secret deal’ on UN rights panel

WikiLeaks says London, Riyadh helped elect each other to council

West fears Russia’s military endgame

Questions emerge over Putin’s goal in conflict

Greek bank reviews Finansbank bids

Sale of Turkish unit offers lender way to meet eurozone demands

Russia’s Syria strikes test US resolve

Obama critics pounce after Putin seizes initiative again