Vladimir Putin illustration by Ingram Pinn

Vladimir Putin commenced his second term as president of Russia in May 2012, having already served in the role between 2000 and 2008.

A former KGB agent in East Germany from 1985 to 1990, he began his political career in Moscow in 1996, eventually including two stints as prime minister - 1999 to 2000 and 2008 to 2012.

IOC explores banning Russia from Rio games

Governing body delays final decision after doping allegations

Putin says to the world: you are as bad

The Kremlin falls back on tropes essential to the president’s power, writes Peter Pomerantsev

MOSCOW, RUSSIA - JUNE 29, 2016: A woman uses a mobile phone to take a picture outside the Turkish embassy in Moscow where people are laying flowers for victims of 28 June 2016 Istanbul Airport terrorist attack. Artyom Korotayev/TASS (Photo by Artyom Korotayev\TASS via Getty Images)

Russian telecoms groups fight terror law

Compliance costs threaten to bankrupt industry, companies warn

Feedback – the best qualities for Brexit

Your contenders include Obama, Putin, Kamall and David Miliband

Russia seeks to overturn EBRD lending ban

Moscow economy minister warns of ‘legal steps’ to challenge ruling

Obama maintains international popularity

Perceptions of US strong in Pew poll, but confidence low in Trump

Russia and Turkey seek to repair ties

Kremlin lifts prospects of ending sanctions after downing of jet

Turkey seeks an escape from isolation

There is a welcome hint of pragmatism in efforts to mend fences

Turkey apologises to Putin for downing jet

Erdogan calls for restoration of relations between two nations

Russia tightens terror law ahead of poll

Security agencies to be given greater access to emails

Hope grows for a political solution for Syria

President Assad vaingloriously promises to recover every inch of Syria — but him and whose army?

Russia’s athletes face extended ban

Wada report could call for curbs beyond track and field

EU values more important than economics

Many emerging countries have shunned Europe and chosen a finance-based US-style model of capitalism

Renzi lifts spirits at Russia’s ‘Davos’

Presence of Italian leader seen as a sign of improved relations with EU

Russian athletes out of the Olympics

The IAAF decision to maintain a suspension is harsh but necessary

Russia forces storm French town of Lillsk

Ultras sought to protect themselves from England fans armed with beer-bellies and face paint

Putin seeks to re-engage Europe at forum

Guests include Juncker, Renzi and UN’s Ban Ki-moon

Russia: Magnitsky’s bitter legacy

The ‘established’ story of an accountant who died in police custody and a fraud is being challenged

Czech warning on Putin’s rightwing push

Prague foreign minister says Russia trying to ‘divide and conquer’ Europe

Trump risks US nuclear war, says Clinton

Republican has ‘dangerously incoherent’ foreign policy

Putin is not ready to toast Brexit

If the EU fails, the potential continental contagion would not spare Russia, writes Mary Dejevsky

Nigeria: Running on empty

Critics say President Buhari’s policies are adding to its worst economic crisis in generations

Putin ‘crosshairs’ warning to Romania and Poland

Greek visit used for strong response to missile shield siting

Estonia calls for Patriot air defences

Nato members vulnerable to lightning strike, says defence chief

Russia releases Nadia Savchenko

Ukrainian pilot swapped for 2 Russian military intelligence officers

G7 leaders must address East Asia risks

Europeans could think harder about how to assist US efforts in the region, writes Hisao Tonedachi

Russians rally to the Brexit flag

Cameron remarks on Putin bemused Moscow but Russian nationals in the UK have a stake in the outcome

Russia and Putin sued over downed jet

Victims’ families seek compensation for 2014 tragedy at EU court

Russian editors fired after Putin article

Kremlin denies forcing hand of remaining independent news group

Ferguson illustration

Trump, Putin and lure of the strongman

All vow to lead a national revival through force of personality and willingness to ignore niceties

Russian fleet makes waves in the Black Sea

Moscow is pouring resources into a region it considers vital

Kudrin’s resurrection fails to damp doubts

Russian observers ridicule the idea that return means Putin is preparing to bite reform bullet

Japan pins hopes on Russia summit

Russo-Japanese ties have languished but observers say both would benefit from counterbalancing China

Exterior of The Kremlin, Moscow

Kremlin jitters over economy grow

The return of Kudrin is welcome but it may prove only a fig leaf

Vladimir Putin
©FT montage; Getty Images

Putin unveils security reshuffle

Overhaul seen as tightening of president’s ‘power structures’

Aleppo has become a focus for Russia

As Isis diverts the US, Assad is busily destroying his opposition, writes David Gardner

Trump to ‘shake rust’ off foreign policy

Contradictions remain in Republican front-runner’s approach

Black Wind, White Snow: The Rise of Russia’s New Nationalism, by Charles Clover

‘Black Wind, White Snow’, by Charles Clover

How a theory of Russian history that rejects the west came to inspire Putin’s Kremlin. Review by Geoffrey Hosking

Obama to back UK staying in EU on London visit

President adds voice to growing international backing for Remain campaign

Kiev hints at Russia deal to free pilot

Savchenko sentenced last month to 22 years in Russian jail