Vladimir Putin illustration by Ingram Pinn

Vladimir Putin commenced his second term as president of Russia in May 2012, having already served in the role between 2000 and 2008.

A former KGB agent in East Germany from 1985 to 1990, he began his political career in Moscow in 1996, eventually including two stints as prime minister - 1999 to 2000 and 2008 to 2012.

US must reopen channels to Russia

If solutions are to be found the two sides must sit down and talk seriously, writes Fiona Hill

Russia weighs on EU’s eastern ambitions

Ukraine war and Crimea annexation force Brussels to go carefully

Nato says Russian nuclear talk irresponsible

Alliance ministers concerned about Crimean threats

Kerry poised to meet Putin in Moscow

Kremlin sees trip as a diplomatic victory for Russia

Russians need ideas for life after Putin

We should engage with the west as equals, not as wards, writes Evgeny Gontmakher

Putin takes swipe at US in parade speech

President calls for non-bloc security system during WWII ceremony

West shuns Russia war commemoration

Guest list shows how Russia’s standing has deteriorated

Tales from the wild east

Review of ‘Once Upon a Time in Russia’, by Ben Mezrich

Moscow aims for Chinese financing

Agreement on debt mechanism to be signed by Xi and Putin

Gazprom announces Turkish pipeline deal

Project follows collapse of South Stream scheme

Putin and Xi: not quite allies they seem

The Russia-China summit will be stronger on show than substance

Russia rattles sabres in eastern Ukraine

Border tension points to Moscow’s efforts to deter Kiev’s westward ambitions and dodge Donbass bill

Russia offers China bigger energy stakes

Kremlin seeks Chinese investors amid low oil prices and sanctions

Moscow shows military mettle in WWII parade

Display of cutting-edge weapons sends message about intent

Anniversary message from west to Russia

The Soviet role in the defeat of Nazism must never be forgotten

Sanoma sells stake in Vedomosti of Russia

Deal comes after country passes law limiting foreign media ownership

Gunvor’s operating profits up 20%

Commodity trader looks to sell Russian assets

Chechnya’s recovery tested by slowdown

Grozny is having to cope with a drop in federal funding

Rusal battles with LME on aluminium price

Speculators have distorted market metal producer claims

US aided militants in Russia, says Putin

Allegations relate to separatist groups in North Caucasus

Germany urges Ukraine to fulfil ceasefire

EU leaders highlight fears of renewed Russian aggression

Grozny warlord reminds Moscow who’s boss

There are signs that Ramzan Kadyrov has become a threat to Russia

Russian bikers denied entry to Poland

Bikers wanted to mark capture of Nazi Berlin

Ingram Pinn illustration
©Ingram Pinn

Republicans want a bumper sticker world

It is easier to say that Obama never gets it right than to come up with an alternative strategy

Gunvor appoints dealmaking head

Investments in Europe, North America and South America eyed

EU risks Russian ire with Gazprom case

Move represents diplomatic gamble by competition commissioner

EU approves Hungary’s revised reactor plan

Brussels lifts objection after change to Russian fuel contracts

Russia data blunt Putin optimism

Rouble and GDP fall despite president’s TV reassurances

Offices of Khodorkovsky foundation raided

Masked gunmen search premises amid crackdown on dissent

Worst is over, Putin tells Russians

President uses phone-in to predict full recovery in two years

Gunvor cuts Russia ties with Siberia sale

Oil trader aims to derisk business and make acquisitions elsewhere

Business alarmed at Chinese data curbs

Rules costly for foreign and domestic companies, say US executives

Russia unblocks Iran missile deliveries

Moscow defends move likely to irk other powers

Russians protest as public mood swings

Recent increase in unrest illustrates underlying volatility

Ingram Pinn illustration

Europe faces more than a Greek tragedy

Debt crises have distracted from the structural flaws and political challenges that imperil the euro

Russia and Greece vow to revive relations

Meeting aimed at boosting leaders’ positions with EU

Russia faces ‘hostile forces’, says Putin

President’s first big speech for weeks rails against west

An oligarch brought to heel

Kiev acts on fears that Igor Kolomoisky amassed too much power as a regional governor

Putin’s diplomatic acrobatics

The Russian president’s goal is not to deceive his counterparts. So why lie, asks Samuel Charap

China military parade poses dilemma for west

Invite to second world war ceremony raises diplomatic concern