Vladimir Putin illustration by Ingram Pinn

Vladimir Putin commenced his second term as president of Russia in May 2012, having already served in the role between 2000 and 2008.

A former KGB agent in East Germany from 1985 to 1990, he began his political career in Moscow in 1996, eventually including two stints as prime minister - 1999 to 2000 and 2008 to 2012.

US urges Turkey to seal border with Syria

Failure to block conduit to Isis causes friction between allies

Success in Syria depends on influence in Moscow

Putin needs to join the fight against Isis. Protecting Assad will prolong the war, writes Dennis Ross

We deride Le Pen and Trump at our peril

The rise of political extremists says something disturbing about liberal democracy in the west

Eastern Europe set for Berlin pipeline clash

Fears Nord Stream 2 will increase dependence on Gazprom

Putin decree raises isolationism fears

Ghost of the iron curtain returns as president bans holidays to Turkey

Putin calls for sanctions against Turkey

Decree comes just after Erdogan voices regret over plane incident

France signals softer stance on Assad

Foreign minister sees Syrian regime joining forces against Isis

Policy moves trump geopolitical risk

Financial markets barely blinked as Russia and Turkey tangled

Putin and Erdogan test each other’s resolve

Two popular nationalists who thrive on confrontation

Ingram Pinn illustration - Putin
©Ingram Pinn

How not to deal with a humbled Putin

Sanctions are biting and Ukraine has turned into a mire: the west must be canny from now on

Russia hits Turkey with range of sanctions

Retaliation follows downing of military jet on Syrian border

Russia continues Syria border strikes

Moscow deploys advanced air defence missiles to its Syrian base

Proxy war in Syria imperils US-led strikes

Russia-Turkey tension endangers push to clear Isis from border

Kiev should act to end Crimea blockade

Ukraine must not lose moral high ground in its conflict with Russia

We are all Eurasian now

In the new age of geopolitics Europeans must think on a supercontinental scale, writes Bruno Maçães

Iran and Russia restate support for Assad

Putin visits Tehran for first time in eight years

James Ferguson illustration
©James Ferguson

A case for rapprochement with Russia

Finding a middle ground between entrenched Moscow and Washington could help end the Syria conflict

West sees hope of Syria deal with Moscow

Optimism nurtured by growing signs of Russia’s co-operation as its military intervention falters

Political diary

François Hollande’s week of intense shuttle diplomacy

Markets dairy

UK spending plans and US shopping provide the focus this week

LATTAKIA, SYRIA - SEPTEMBER 28 : Syrian opponents stage a missile attack against Hemeimeem military airport which is currently used by Russian military in Lattakia, Syria on September 28, 2015. (Photo by Ali Hafawi/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
©Ali Hafawi/Anadolu Agency/Getty

Iran and Russia turn ‘frenemies’ in Syria

Former foes have common short-term interests but divergent long-term goals

West cannot trade Ukraine for help in Syria

An anti-terror alliance with Russia must have clear goals and limits

How Putin managed jet bomb reaction

Cool communication strategy prevented air disaster from becoming a political liability for president

Ingram Pinn illustration
©Ingram Pinn

Paris attacks must shake complacency

The idea that the west should shoulder blame rests on a corrosive moral relativism

Putin embraces French ‘allies’ in Syria

Co-ordination shows rapprochement with Moscow after attacks

Bomb downed Metrojet plane, says Russia

Putin to step up Syria strikes after traces of explosive found

Cameron’s £2bn drone plan to fight Isis

Shift in military priorities to special forces and unmanned planes

Putin goes from outcast to focus of G20

West’s leaders realise road to peace in Syria runs through Moscow

Russia seeks $3bn Kiev debt restructuring

Putin move offers hope Moscow and Ukraine can avoid legal clash

Prime Minister David Cameron holds a news conference during the G20 Summit of world leaders at Antalya in Turkey. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Monday November 16, 2015. See PA story POLITICS G20. Photo credit should read: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire
©PA Images

Cameron says UK has foiled 7 terror plots

PM still lacks parliamentary majority for military action in Syria

Cameron urges Putin to focus on Isis

Prime minister tells Russia to stop bombing ‘moderates’

Germany and Britain are now at risk

US cannot lead fight against terrorist plan to divide Europe, says former MI6 chief John Sawers

U.S. President Barack Obama makes a statement about multiple acts of violence in Paris in the Brady Press Briefing Room of the White House in Washington, D.C., November 13, 2015. Obama said the U.S. is prepared to provide whatever assistance France needs in the wake of terrorist attacks in Paris that killed dozens of people on Friday night. Pool photo by Andrew Harrer/UPI

G20 to step up fight against Isis

Concerted effort will require rethink of ties with Putin and Russia

Markets diary

Mario Draghi makes an important speech to Frankfurt bankers

Russia offers sympathy with cold caveat

Atrocity in Paris accentuates political and moral divide

Attacks fuel EU migration debate

World leaders unite in their condemnation of assaults

Putin seeks to head off Russian doping ban

President calls for co-operation amid fears for Rio Olympic place

Republican debate: the winners and losers

Guide to the GOP contenders shaping the 2016 White House race

Sakhalin-1 Sets Another Extended Reach Drilling Record Roseneft http://www.rosneft.com/news/photogallery/14042015/1/

Trafigura strengthens ties with Rosneft

Swiss trading house will buy more crude from Moscow-backed group

Russia cracks down on human rights group

Move could lead to Memorial’s liquidation or prosecution