Angela MerkelAngela Merkel was appointed Germany’s first female chancellor in 2005, having been leader of centre-right Christian Democratic Union since 2000.

She was formerly a research physicist and after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 entered politics serving in East Germany's first – and last – freely elected government.

Putin’s next move – invade?

Europe has half-colluded in the ludicrous pretence that Russia is a concerned bystander in Ukraine

Typewriters stand against cyberspying

Berlin is reverting to an unhackable piece of hardware, writes Andrew Martin

Crash galvanises EU opinion on sanctions

EU capitals push for quicker and broader penalties on Russia

US sanctions target Russian companies

Businesses added to blacklist include Rosneft and Gazprombank

Germany win World Cup in extra time

Strike by Mario Götze sees European side triumph over Argentina

Italy accused of soft approach to Russia

Diplomats say Rome dragging feet on sanctions to placate industry

Germany’s sense of betrayal harms US ties

Fears hardening public sentiment could jeopardise co-operation

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Worst threat to euro is a lack of trust

The argument between Italy and Germany asks a question at the heart of the currency’s future

Germany investigates second spy case

Berlin searches workplace and apartment of military suspect

Renzi’s boast looks like history repeating

Italy PM could misread Merkel in the same way David Cameron did

Merkel anger at US over agent reports

Berlin threatens criminal action over spy allegations

Germany arrests ‘US double agent’

Apprehension likely to inflame tensions

Italian prime minister Matteo Renzi

Renzi hits back at Bundesbank chief

Italy’s PM says Weidmann should not interfere over budget rules

Merkel and Renzi can reshape Europe

The Italian prime minister counterbalances the German chancellor, writes Kalypso Nicolaidis

‘Berlin first’ strategy backfires for Cameron

Merkel unable to deliver when the chips were down

Merkel set to limit Juncker fallout

German chancellor acts to avoid UK isolation

Merkel toughens Russia sanctions talk

German chancellor raises prospect of ‘level three’ action

France barely heard in debate on EU job

Low profile over Juncker is symptomatic of decline in influence

Cameron risks EU isolation over Juncker

PM tells Van Rompuy that nomination should be put to a vote

pfeatures, Ingram Pinn illustration
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Britain’s wooing of Germany has flopped

Two old friends are apart over Juncker but are likely to restore their close links soon

Radoslaw Sikorski
©Adam Panczuk

Polish minister embarrasses Cameron

PM ‘messed up’ by ceding ground to eurosceptics, claims Sikorski

Ukraine rebel leader agrees ceasefire

Prospect raised of possible diplomatic breakthrough

Merkel versus Renzi over the eurozone

Rome’s demand for a fundamental rethink of the fiscal rules sets the scene for a political tussle

Kiev calls ceasefire as it tries to secure east

Poroshenko proposes peace plan as Ukraine battles for full control of border

Cameron’s plan to stop Juncker backfires

European Commission presidency saga highlights UK misunderstanding of Berlin’s position

Juncker Cameron Merkel
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A tawdry deal on jobs will hurt Europe

Whatever questions a chastened EU asks itself, the choice of Mr Juncker is not an answer

Cameron to go down fighting over Juncker

Prime minister challenges other EU leaders to vote against him

Merkel urged to back down on Juncker

Patten says choice of EU boss should be reached by consensus

Major sees silver lining in Juncker row

Ex-PM moves to dispel gloom over top EU job

Germany seeks to avoid clash at Ypres

Scramble to avert PR disaster in row over Jean-Claude Juncker

Cameron faces setback over Juncker

Merkel to push for prompt appointment to curtail EU dispute

German alarm over key EU telecoms tie-up

Antitrust body concerned over link between Telefónica and E-Plus

Tory anti-euro alliance angers Merkel

German fringe party joins Conservatives in EU Parliament bloc

Cameron heads for fresh rift with Merkel

UK Tories look set to form alliance with anti-euro German party

Cameron plots risky course on Juncker

Some may be inclined to see PM’s threat as a kind of blackmail

Merkel warns Cameron over top EU job

German chancellor says ‘threats’ are not part of ‘European spirit’

Cameron seeks backing to block Juncker

PM urges fellow leaders to ‘stand up and be counted’

Cameron faces price for opposing Juncker

PM wants to have a pro-reform, pro-British president in Brussels

D-Day service offers stage for diplomacy

Putin meets new Ukraine leader at 70th anniversary of Allied landings

Juncker refuses to ‘give in’ to Cameron

Frontrunner to be European Commission chief seeks coalition