Angela MerkelAngela Merkel was appointed Germany’s first female chancellor in 2005, having been leader of centre-right Christian Democratic Union since 2000.

She was formerly a research physicist and after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 entered politics serving in East Germany's first – and last – freely elected government.

US urges the UK to stay in the EU

PM links Britain’s membership to the fight against Isis

Merkel pledges support to prevent Brexit

Cameron to give keynote speech in Hamburg on Friday evening

China high on agenda for new Lagarde term

Bolstering emerging economy safety net a key challenge at IMF

A Greek fishing boat (R) evacuates people from a half-sunken catamaran carrying around 150 refugees, most of them Syrians arriving after crossing part of the Aegean sea from Turkey, on the Greek island of Lesbos, October 30, 2015. There were no casaulties amongst the refugees who were travelling on the catamaran, according to a Reuters witness. The death toll from drownings at sea has mounted recently as weather in the Aegean has taken a turn for the worse, turning wind-whipped sea corridors into deadly passages for thousands of refugees crossing from Turkey to Greece. REUTERS/Giorgos Moutafis
©Giorgos Moutafis/Reuters

Nato joins effort to curb migrant crisis

Unorthodox mission will focus on gathering intelligence

Aleppo’s agony will test EU resolve

Russia’s assault on the Syrian city is set to intensify the migrant crisis

Merkel ‘shocked’ by Russia strikes on Syria

Chancellor backs relocation of refugees directly from Middle East

Merkel in ‘last-ditch’ refugee talks

Tens of thousands in fresh exodus after Russian bombings

World leaders pledge billions for Syria

Donors gather in London as peace talks in Geneva break down

Illustration by Ingram Pinn depicting Brexit
©Ingram Pinn

Admit it, Europe needs Britain

To suggest that an ‘out’ vote would see Eurosceptics rise up elsewhere is probably an exaggeration

Merkel’s policy harms the displaced more

Enabling refugees to lead a normal life ought to be a core duty, writes Paul Collier

Germany to limit north African migrants

Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia to be added to safe country list

James Ferguson illustration
©James Ferguson

Brexit is no way out of Europe in crisis

In its own interests, Britain must contribute to stability on the European continent

Renzi and Merkel bonhomie turns to friction

Early hopes for strong relationship between EU leaders fade

Draft Brexit deal hangs on benefit ‘brake’

Eurosceptics quick to dismiss key point as British climbdown

Germany moves to toughen refugee rules

Bar on family members as Berlin responds to fears over inflows

Ingram Pinn illustration, Angela Merkel
©Ingram Pinn

Hard-headed humanity can save Merkel

European leaders need to show that they have regained command of events

Merkel’s migrant policy is losing favour

Chancellor feels strain as splinter group calls for tighter border controls

Shadow of populism hangs over Davos

Delegates mull Trump presidency, UK vote and borders crackdown

EDAD70 Christian von Stetten, Angela Merkel and Gerhard Schenk (Deutscher Konditorenbund) at PKM (Parlamentskreis Mittelstand) of CDU/CSU-Bundestagsfraktion at Kronprinzenpalais. Where: Berlin, Germany When: 01 Jul 2014

MP leads challenge to Merkel on refugees

Christian von Stetten urges chancellor to change policy

German president backs refugee quotas

Austria sets first EU cap on asylum seekers

A different lesson from German history

We should look to the example of Charlemagne, writes Peter Wilson

Only Germany can tame east-west tensions

Hungary, Poland and Slovakia see their way of life under threat from immigrants, writes Tony Barber

Gloom gathers over Germany’s challenges

While most of the threats appear to be external, they are caused by domestic policy choices

Political diary: Destination Davos

Meetings based around theme of ‘a fourth industrial revolution’

Denmark’s bad move to deter migrants

Confiscating the assets of desperate asylum seekers is a cruel gesture

Merkel faces possible rebellion from right

Push from within own party over limiting refugees

Polish-German alliance begins to fray

Return to power of PiS is taxing Poland’s valuable partnership

Merkel seeks tougher laws on immigrants

Changes would permit deportation of minors

Cologne attacks stretch German tolerance

If newcomers want to live here, they must accept certain values or else move on, writes Mariam Lau

Merkel cannot afford another Cologne

The sex attacks in Germany raise sensitive questions on integration

Cologne police chief quits over sex attacks

Rightwingers blame chancellor for assaults on German women

Merkel call for safe spaces after Cologne

Attacks spark growing criticism of Merkel’s immigration policies

Sex assaults worsen German migrant battle

Country’s ability to cope with asylum seekers questioned

Merkel urges unity amid refugee influx

Chancellor’s new year address calls on Germans to reject xenophobia

2015 summed up: Numbers of the year

The vital figures from the past 12 months

Europe split on China’s market economy bid

Supporters see MES as a way to win favour in Beijing, while critics argue it will kill industries

Germany’s gesture on fight against Isis

To be credible, a considerable investment in defence is required, writes Constanze Stelzenmüller

Economists point to benefits of migration

Migrants’ arrival could help Europe tackle ageing populations

Tusk joins attack on Berlin over pipeline

Germany accused of hypocrisy in backing Nord Stream 2 project

Cameron rebuffed but hopes rise on EU deal

Leaders seek to reach agreement at February summit