Angela MerkelAngela Merkel was appointed Germany’s first female chancellor in 2005, having been leader of centre-right Christian Democratic Union since 2000.

She was formerly a research physicist and after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 entered politics serving in East Germany's first – and last – freely elected government.

Merkel takes control of refugee policy

German chancellor sidelines her interior minister

Bavarian ally thorn in Merkel’s side

Horst Seehofer’s criticism puts German leader under pressure

Staatsoper Berlin's production of 'Die Meistersinger Von Nürnberg'

Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, Staatsoper Berlin, Schiller Theater

A protracted production, coarsely conducted by Daniel Barenboim

The demagogues destroying Europe’s ideals

After Soviet tanks crushed the Hungarian uprising no one caged us behind wire, writes Kati Marton

Rakefet Russak-Aminoach

Women in Business — Rakefet Russak-Aminoach

Israeli executive proud to lead a bank with a diverse workforce

Merkel stands by refugees decision

German chancellor calls for energetic response to migrant crisis

Ukraine talks in Paris end on upbeat note

Summit overshadowed by military push in Syria

German move to seize offices for migrants

Hamburg city council vote allows commandeering of empty blocks

Happy birthday to a united Germany

Europe’s leading nation today needs its allies to pull their weight

Portugal heads into uncertain election

Opinion polls suggest ruling coalition will lose absolute majority

Ingram Pinn cartoon
©Ingram Pinn

Do not blame Merkel for the refugees

Nationalist rhetoric cannot deliver national solutions — co-operation is what the EU is for

Berlin agrees laws aimed to curb migrants

Refugees to get food vouchers instead of cash benefits

EU to spend €1bn to stem flow of migrants

Summit tries to end bitter fight over how to respond to crisis

Berlin delayed vehicle emission reform

Merkel has been willing to lobby for country’s carmakers at key moment in EU policymaking

Berlin’s bullying boosts refugee fears

Few diplomats believe that relocation policy will actually work

Merkel studies past lessons of integration

Balkan refugees from 1990s are among best-settled newcomers

Head of Germany’s migrant office quits

Manfred Schmidt says he had not foreseen ‘some effects’ of surge

Merkel manages Europe’s migrant crisis

Her reintroduction of border controls looks like pragmatism not prejudice, writes Nikolaus Blome

EU migrant crisis hits border-free travel

Tensions rise between member states over treatment of refugees

Merkel counts cost of refugees’ welcome

Chancellor fights criticism as EU partners shirk migrant load

Critics attack Merkel over asylum-seekers

German chancellor under pressure from sister CSU party

Juncker pushes compulsory refugee quotas

Brussels risks battle over forced sharing out of 160,000 people

Merkel sharpens tone towards migrants

Social benefits for people likely to be deported would be reduced

Ingram Pinn illustration

Merkel’s plan shames Cameron’s fear

German chancellor is getting it right while UK PM misreads the national mood

Cameron has misjudged EU’s refugee crisis

Britain is losing friends because of its mean approach on asylum

A chance for Europe to rescue its integrity

The failure to tackle the refugee crisis has intensified this human disaster

East-west tensions break out over sharing migrants

Merkel warns passport-free zone being put at risk

Migrant tragedies pile pressure on EU

Four children among 71 dead in truck while hundreds drown at sea

Grim find shakes migrant crisis talks

Up to 50 found dead in truck as German leader begins meeting

Merkel cautiously steers race debate

Chancellor’s interventions challenge far right

Merkel and Hollande press EU on refugees

French and German leaders condemn Heidenau anti-migrant clashes

Germany: Young people wanted

The country’s ageing population is threatening its position as Europe’s largest economy

Merkel and Hollande to discuss migrants

Italian navy rescues 3,000 in Mediterranean over weekend

A torn Greek national flag flies from the roof of a building in Athens

Need for honesty in crisis over Greece

Tsipras and Merkel have failed to admit hard truths to their voters

German parliament backs Greek bailout

Result opens door for immediate release of emergency funds

Eurozone: The case against ‘cash for reform’

EU bailouts were based on the belief that a wave of sovereign defaults could doom the single currency. But was it correct?

Russia prepares to force pace in Ukraine

Putin aims to keep up the pressure but dodge tougher sanctions

Merkel under pressure over Greece vote

German chancellor faces growing rebellion over €86bn rescue

Merkel fights to contain Greece rebellion

Bundestag sceptics threaten blow to chancellor’s authority

Europ antidemocracy
©Matt Kenyon

Democracy at the heart of fight for Greece

Desire to keep the euro but with different policies is unacceptable to eurozone elite, writes Martin Sandbu