Angela MerkelAngela Merkel was appointed Germany’s first female chancellor in 2005, having been leader of centre-right Christian Democratic Union since 2000.

She was formerly a research physicist and after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 entered politics serving in East Germany's first – and last – freely elected government.

James Ferguson illustration
©James Ferguson

Greece should vote for the rule of law

There remains a conviction that the future belongs to the EU’s model of shared sovereignty

Merkel takes revenge on Greek premier

German chancellor rules out talks before Sunday’s referendum

Eurozone leaders take co-ordinated gamble

Greeks have come to resent EU interference in their politics

Tsipras takes Greece to edge of precipice

With both sides indulging in blame shifting, it is hard to see a way back

PM drops aim of treaty change before vote

Renegotiation starts with low-key summit dinner presentation

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Britain would not survive Brexit

It is understood in Berlin that Cameron cannot return from negotiations admitting defeat

US ‘tapped’ French leaders’ phones

White House silent on NSA spying claims

Cameron’s difficult pursuit of Germany

Berlin is key to PM’s bid to renegotiate EU membership

Merkel faces impatience on Greece

Germans willing to give chancellor more time, but not much

Greece urged to reach deal before summit

Hollande and Merkel deliver ultimatum to Tsipras

Britain in Europe: Cameron’s migrant equation

The PM believes benefit reform will persuade voters that the UK should stay in the EU, but it is proving a hard sell across Europe

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Merkel’s big reason to hold on to Greece

People close to the chancellor say she is prepared to see Athens tumble out of the euro

Greece tests Schäuble’s loyalty to Merkel

The finance minister is a stickler for the rules

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Four games the Greeks may be playing

Negotiations look increasingly like a deadly scene in ‘Rebel Without A Cause’

Merkel puts currency investors on alert

US and eurozone uneasy over single currency’s strength

German Chancellor Angela Merkel (R) and Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras address a press conference following talks at the chancellery in Berlin
©Tobias Schwarz/AFP/Getty Images

Germans increasingly resigned to Grexit

Merkel remains publicly committed to a deal with Greece

Merkel reignites ‘currency war’ worries

Strong euro hits Spain and Ireland reform, says German chancellor

Germany’s stance on British EU reform

Berlin’s biggest concern is that many UK demands may be impossible to satisfy, writes Charles Grant

IMF Go Home" on corrugated metal fencing outside the University of Athens in Athens, Greece

Greeks chose poverty, let them have it

It is clear that citizens have no appetite for modernising society, writes Francesco Giavazzi

G7 agrees to phase out fossil fuels

Goal set to cut emissions by up to 70% of 2010 levels by 2050

Obama puts onus on Tsipras to reform

US president emphasises Greece’s obligations

Merkel under growing pressure on Greece

Frustration mounts at failure to reach bailout deal with Athens

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©Ingram Pinn

An offer that Greece should not refuse

It is evident Tsipras cannot deliver. Pain is unavoidable with or without default

Euro lifted by firmer inflation data

Traders attribute some volatility to positions being unwound

Greek bailout monitors hold crisis summit

IMF, EU and ECB meet to thrash out differences on Athens deal

EU leaders put limits on help for Cameron

UK prime minister gets clearer idea of possible changes

Merkel offers to help Cameron over EU

German leader says Berlin wants a more competitive Europe

Cameron launches European charm offensive

PM embarks on two-day tour to win support for proposals

Pressure grows on Merkel over spy scandal

Chancellor’s officials accused of knowingly misleading public

Eurozone says no Greek deal without IMF

Cash-strapped Athens could be left for weeks with no aid

Soviet troops at Stalingrad

Germany to pay Soviet prisoners-of-war

Diplomats say Berlin ready to restore good relations with Moscow

Merkel and Hollande set pollution goal

Leaders among first to aim for zero-emissions target

The mistake that could trigger Brexit

If Britain is to vote for staying in the EU, the argument must turn to the merits of engagement

Germans sceptical about Cameron’s EU push

Public backs a firm approach to UK over membership

Airbus sues over alleged German spying

Berlin embarrassed by claims of espionage on behalf of the US

EU and Great Britain flag next to each other.

Exit will hit UK more than EU, says study

Britain warned economy could shrink by 3% after leaving Brussels

The IMF's big stick

The fund has whip hand over Europeans in Athens stand-off

©Dmitry Bruskov/Dreamstime

Bund yields track hopes for Greek accord

Greek borrowing costs ease and euro rises during of Riga talks

EU increases funds for refugee operation

Sharp policy U-turn amid public outcry over migrant deaths

Berlin toughens its stance towards Greece

Trust hard to find as German political opinion hardens