Produced and filmed by James Sandy, Edited by Jamie Han, Footage: Reuters
The European Union summit that opens in Brussels on Thursday promises to be one of the most difficult that the bloc has held for many years. There are two big themes that will be addressed at the summit. The first is the refugee and migrant crisis facing Europe, and that concerns both the question of how to control and even limit the numbers of arriving refugees and migrants, and secondly, how they should be distributed once they have arrived. And then here you see adamant resistance from countries in central Europe, Poland, Hungary, and so on to compulsory quotas.
The second theme of the summit relates to eurozone reform, where one might see real friction developing. It's over a German led proposal, but any vulnerable eurozone country, if it applies for emergency assistance, it should first have its sovereign debt restructured, and this is vehemently opposed in Italy.
From a different angle, another issue that is causing trouble relates to the idea of a common eurozone budget, and here the opposition to German and French ideas is being led by a group of countries with the Netherlands at the forefront. So all in all, there's plenty of room for friction. But the EU's been here before. It's not the first time that lots of issues have divided leaders arriving at a summit, and their aim will be a muddle through.