TOPSHOT - EU Council staff members remove the United Kingdom's flag from the European Council building in Brussels on Brexit Day, January 31, 2020. - Britain leaves the European Union at 2300 GMT on January 31, 2020, 43 months after the country voted in a June 2016 referendum to leave the block. The withdrawal from the union ends more than four decades of economic, political and legal integration with its closest neighbours. (Photo by OLIVIER HOSLET / POOL / AFP) (Photo by OLIVIER HOSLET/POOL/AFP via Getty Images)
© POOL/AFP via Getty Images

Few would recognise Tony Barber’s representation of full EU integration as a “neuralgic British fantasy” (“Does the UK want the EU to emerge stronger from the virus crisis?”,, April 14). Given the inherent fragility of separate fiscal and monetary decision-making, full integration has always been on the horizon. That the UK should leave the EU before the collapse of that unsustainable structure was high up among the thinking economist’s motivations for Brexit.

G R Steele
Emeritus Reader of Economics,
Lancaster University Management School, UK

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