Shifting sands in Europe 2017

Germany, at Europe’s core, sees trouble within the EU and without as the old order struggles. Emmanuel Macron won but Britain, Catalonia, Poland and Austria brought conflict and reforms proved elusive. Catch up on the year’s comment and analysis

On all sides, the country sees threats to stability and order

The cyclical recovery has deflected attention from a series of unresolved issues

A ‘multi-speed’ union would put the eurozone on firmer footing

How far is the EU’s unity wounded by populism, separatism and nationalism?

Centrist’s election victory was a relief to Brussels but the political extremes still threaten the establishment

It will be interesting to see whether the bloc reneges on its promises if Ankara Turkey fails to deliver

More from this Series

Poland was seen as a model for the EU’s expansion eastward but its judicial reform plans to exert more control over the courts have created a crisis with Brussels

The French president strikes the pose of republican monarch

The respectable right is neutralising extremism by borrowing some of its language

The big unanswered question is what the chancellor intends to do with her victory

Two views of the euro battle it out

We should work at preserving what we have, rather than dreaming up new projects

A dynamic young pretender disrupts the long tradition of grand alliances

A conversation about Europe’s future with the bright young minds inheriting it

The next government must decide the price to pay for safeguarding the existing order