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A state of emergency has been declared in the US city of Charlotte, North Carolina, after a second night of violent demonstrations. The state governor, Pat McCrory, also called in the National Guard as demonstrators smashed windows and started fires.

The protests erupted after a police officer shot Keith L. Scott, an African American, on Tuesday. Two other black men were killed in controversial circumstances in other parts of the US the previous week fuelling social tensions around the country.

The issue of police violence against blacks has spilled over into the presidential election campaign, as candidates woo the African-American vote. Charlotte is a key political battleground, where Democrats need a strong showing among African Americans and Republicans need to win over independent white suburbanites. (NYT, FT)

In the news

An end to all illness Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan are deploying $3bn towards the modest ambition of eradicating disease. The couple say they will use tech and knowledge sharing to “cure, prevent or manage all diseases by the end of the century”. (FT)

‘Chemical attack’ in Iraq Isis militants may have fired a chemical rocket at US troops based in Iraq, the US military has said. A rocket that landed within several hundred yards of US troops at a base near Mosul may have contained mustard agent, it said. (BBC)

Oxford tops university rankings The University of Oxford has overcome declining public funding and uncertainty surrounding the Brexit referendum to become the first UK university to top the international league tables. (FT)

Air strikes pummel Aleppo A day after US secretary of state John Kerry called for an end to Syrian and Russian military flights over Syria, warplanes pounded rebel-held areas of Aleppo in what one activist group said was the heaviest bombardment for months. (Reuters)

Wall Street wants a long Brexit runway Banks warned Theresa May that they need a transition period lasting several years to prepare for Brexit, after reports that Downing Street plans to start the process early in the new year. (FT) Read our daily Brexit Briefing. Sign up to receive it daily by email here.

It’s a big day for

Unesco The UN organisation postponed an award it planned to give on Thursday to Rosmah Mansor, the Malaysian prime minister’s wife, at the last minute in a sign of the growing international fallout from a corruption scandal engulfing the country’s leaders. (FT)

Food for thought

A Siberian spring for Rosneft New drilling in Soviet-era brownfields makes it unlikely that Russia will help ease the global oil glut. (FT)

Demise of a symbolic street Istanbul’s Istiklal Avenue — often described as the city’s Champs-Elysées — is transforming from an iconic boulevard of cinemas, bookshops, sidewalk cafés and shabby bars into a strip of malls and chain stores. It’s decline is symbolic of a wider malaise across the ancient city. (NYT)

Cycling headcases New research into bike helmet use around the world shows that wearing a helmet can reduce the chance of fatal head injury by 65 per cent. Data from 40 separate surveys of 64,000 cyclists also showed that the more serious the injury, the greater the protection helmets provided. (Guardian)

Airbnb on the Mongolian steppe Fancy a few nights in a ger (or yurt) in Mongolia? Enterprising nomads have leapt over the digital divide in a country where only 27 per cent of the population uses the internet and put their portable home on Airbnb. The government hopes that more Mongolians will take their lead as it seeks to develop its digital economy and increase tourist numbers. (NAR)

The bureaucratic nightmare of the living dead Simple clerical errors each year result in tens of thousands of perfectly healthy people being declared dead. The issue is on the rise and it is a serious problem for those whose benefits depend on being — bureaucratically — resurrected. (WSJ)

Video of the day

Why Rome supports Italy’s Five Star Rome bureau chief James Politi visits one of the Italian capital’s poorest neighbourhoods to find out why locals support the populist Five Star Movement and what they think about its future after the June mayoral election win. (FT)

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