New Demographics

In this issue

The world is becoming increasingly crowded. Recently, the planet’s seven billionth human inhabitant was born – little more than a dozen years after the 6bn mark was passed in 1998

Nairobi learns to live with its slums

While conditions are ‘deplorable’, improving conditions in informal settlements such as Kibera, a sprawling slum in the Kenyan capital, is preferable to bulldozing them

Shrinking options for Bangladesh

Climate change and population growth increase pressure

Planning for a smaller future

City shrinkage presents wide-ranging challenges for metropolitan authorities

Challenges of family planning

More work needed on how to understand and deliver programmes

Vietnam: Urban-rural divide could stunt progress

Large disparities between rich and poor hinders balanced development

Climate change: Global warming influences demographic shifts

Poor countries will struggle to cope with the effects of global warming

Brazil: Reduced migration benefits Rio slums

Brazil aims to integrate favela residents into mainstream society

Part two

Population: Seven billion and counting

The passing of a key population milestone raises serious questions, writes Andrew Jack

China: Crowd control

The frenzied expansion of cities has matched rapid economic development. It has also created potentially explosive social problems, writes Jamil Anderlini

Pensions: Age concern

The baby boomers may be the last generation to enjoy a well-funded retirement unless drastic measures are implemented soon, writes Matthew Vincent

India: Tiger, tiger, burning bright

The subcontinent’s young population is regarded as a future asset, but concerns over food security, education and employment remain, finds James Lamont

Birth rates: New world order

Fertility rates are dropping and the population is ageing – in some unexpected places, finds Sarah Murray

Russia: Decline and fall

Russia’s population problems began in the Stalin era – a process that has accelerated rapidly since the end of communism, reports Charles Clover

Migration: Colliding forces

The world’s migrant population is rising fast – with potentially destabilising consequences, writes James Crabtree

Japan: Land of the setting sun

Japan’s rapidly ageing population is an example of the problems all developed nations will soon face, says Mure Dickie

Guest columnist: Be prepared

As the world population expands, the concerns of the poor should not be ignored, writes Babatunde Osotimehin

Cities: Out of the slums

Rather than bulldozing informal settlements, planners could learn from their creative buzz and social infrastructure, says Edwin Heathcote

Foreword: Growing pains

If people in the world’s poorer countries are having too many children, those in the richer ones are suffering at the other extreme, writes Robert Orr

Part One

New world brings demographic challenges

Cities are bursting at the seams as urbanisation speeds up around the world, which leads to new tensions, writes Edwin Heathcote

Serbia sees some success in integrating refugees

A decade of wars caused severe population upheaval, but the country is trying to deal with the substantial ‘refugee’ element

How remittance funds move around the world

The money sent home by migrant workers is a key source of finance for many developing countries

India struggles to keep pace with urbanisation

India’s cities are not coping with supplying the necessary infrastructure to support rapidly growing populations, writes Amy Kazmin

China prepares for soaring number of city dwellers

Urbanisation is the centrepiece of the Chinese leadership‘s next five-year plan, writes Geoff Dyer

Sway of the wealthy remains strong in Brazil’s cities

Brazil’s boom years have catapulted into the stratosphere the country’s mega-rich, reports Vincent Bevins