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November 12, 2012 2:33 pm
The EU will suspend for one year a controversial policy of charging foreign airlines for their carbon emissions on flights to and from Europe, citing progress in negotiations towards a global regime to tackle pollution by the aviation industry.
Connie Hedegaard, the EU climate commissioner, announced the suspension on Monday of a policy that had united the US, China, Russia, Brazil, India and several other countries in their opposition to it.
The EU carbon emissions trading scheme had also drawn complaints from European airlines and Airbus, the Toulouse-based aircraft manufacturer, which feared being caught up in a global trade war.
European Commission officials insisted that they had not buckled to international pressure in proposing to defer enforcement of the scheme against flights into and out of Europe until the end of 2013. Instead, they attributed the move to positive results last week in talks at a UN aviation body about a potential international agreement after years of frustration.
The body, called the International Civil Aviation Organisation, agreed to establish a high-level group to develop a global system to tackle airlines’ carbon emissions by the time of its next general assembly in September 2013.
“For the first time in years, a global deal on aviation should be in reach,” said Ms Hedegaard. She called the ICAO high-level group “very good news”.
However, Ms Hedegaard also warned that the EU policy would be reactivated “automatically” if the ICAO talks proved fruitless. “It is very important for our opponents to understand this,” she told journalists in Brussels.
Ms Hedegaard’s proposal marked a softening from previous declarations that she would not amend the EU law affecting airlines and their carbon emissions because of threats of a trade war.
Greenpeace, the environmental group, noted there was no guarantee that governments would consent to an ICAO-sponsored global system to deal with airlines’ pollution – let alone implement it.
Greenpeace therefore criticised the European Commission’s proposal as “not proportionate”.
WWF, another environmental group, said Brussels’ move “buys some time for ICAO, who were arguably galvanised into action by the EU in the first place after years of foot-dragging on this issue”.
Fabrice Brégier, Airbus’ chief executive, said the passenger jet manufacturer was “encouraged” by Ms Hedegaard’s statement.
Airbus, owned by EADS, called in March for a suspension of the EU scheme against airlines after claiming that it was being prevented from finalising contracts worth $14bn to supply jets to Chinese carriers.
“The positive co-operation between ICAO and the European Commission provides the international community with a real chance to make progress on a worldwide agreement on aviation CO2 emissions,” said Mr Brégier.
The Association of European Airlines also welcomed Ms Hedegaard’s statement, adding that some of its member airlines had already experienced problems resulting from non-EU countries’ objections to the bloc’s carbon emissions trading scheme – such as European carriers struggling to secure traffic rights to fly into airports.
“We already had signs we were moving towards a trade war [because of the EU scheme],” said the AEA. “We welcome for that reason [the proposal] to put a moratorium on [the scheme] and wait for the outcome of the [ICAO] debate.”
The suspension will apply only to flights to and from the EU – not between the 27 countries that make up the bloc – and must still be approved by member states and the European parliament.
The EU law was part of its broader policy to curb the greenhouse gas emissions linked to global warming. It requires airlines to buy permits from its carbon market to cover their emissions on all flights to or from the EU.
Foreign airlines, led by US carriers, complained the scheme amounted to a form of extraterritorial taxation for flights that originated outside the EU and were largely conducted in international airspace.
Airlines for America, the US airlines’ trade body that tried unsuccessfully to stop the EU scheme in the courts, said it was “cautiously optimistic” about the European Commission’s proposal. “We believe a global sectoral approach through ICAO is the best way to address aviation emissions,” it added.
The future of US legislation that could ban domestic airlines from complying with the EU carbon emissions scheme is unclear.
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